Recognition of foreign decisions in matrimonial matters
- Formal recognition proceedings are not required for judgments in matrimonial matters from Member States of the European Union - except Denmark - if the proceedings were commenced after 1 March 2001 or after the accession of the Member State at a later date. Furthermore, a formal recognition procedure is unnecessary if a marriage was dissolved by a court or an authority of the state to which both spouses exclusively belonged (i.e. no dual nationality) at the time of the decision (so-called home state decision).
- This applies in particular to foreign divorce decrees, but also to comparable decisions by (for example, Russian) administrative authorities or so-called private divorces before religious courts such as the Arab Sharia courts or the rabbinate courts in Israel as well as divorce declarations before a Thai registry office. Recognition is granted upon application. Only when this has been granted by a decision does the foreign decision also have effect in the German legal sphere.
foreign decision in matrimonial matters
Decision by which a marriage abroad has been declared null and void, annulled, divorced or by which the existence or non-existence of a marriage between the parties has been established.
Decision of a country which is not a member state of the European Union
- or a Danish decision
- or if the procedure was initiated before 1 March 2001 or before the accession of the Member State which took place at a later date
Nationality of at least one spouse does not correspond to the state by which the marriage was dissolved
or there is dual nationality
Usual stay in Berlin
- or neither of the spouses has their habitual residence in Germany, but a new marriage is to be contracted in Berlin
- or there is no other jurisdiction, the judicial administration of the Land of Berlin is also responsible
Application for recognition of foreign decisions in matrimonial matters (foreign divorces)
The form can be filled out online, but must be signed with an original signature.
- in writing or
- in person during opening hours.
Complete copy (original) or certified copy with res judicata notice (if issued) and reasons for decision
Marriage certificate of the dissolved marriage
Proof of citizenship
e.g. by passport copies of the divorced spouses
- Certificate of earnings/ the income of the applicant
Translations of the above foreign language documents
directly from the foreign language into the German language, prepared by authorised or publicly appointed translators
Written power of attorney
if the application is made by an authorised person
- 15,00 to 305,00 Euro
Average time to process request
The duration of the procedure depends essentially on whether all the information required for the examination of the application is provided and the necessary documents are submitted in full. Only then can the final examination take place and the decision (after receipt of the fee) be issued. Delays may also occur due to transmission channels and payment transactions. Therefore, the procedure may take several weeks or even months (depending on the individual case).